Many provincial, municipal and other policies apply to the licensing and regulation of aggregate operations in Ontario. These include, but are not limited to:

Aggregate Resources Act (ARA)

The purposes of this Act are:
(a) to provide for the management of the aggregate resources of Ontario;
(b) to control and regulate aggregate operations on Crown and private lands;
(c) to require the rehabilitation of land from which aggregate has been excavated; and
(d) to minimize adverse impact on the environment in respect of aggregate operations.

You can access the ARA here: http://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/90a08

A Review of the ARA, undertaken by the provincial government in 2012, is currently underway.
·        Read the Standing Committee’s Report here (.pdf).
·        Read the Government Response to the Report here (.pdf).
·        Read the Government’s draft “proposal to modernize and strengthen the Aggregate Resources Act policy framework (.pdf)”.

Aggregate Resources Policies and Procedures Manual

The Aggregate Resources Policies and Procedures Manual provides guidance on how to implement the Aggregate Resources Act. This includes supporting regulations, including the Aggregate Resources of Ontario Provincial Standards. The policies assist aggregate operators, members of the public, municipalities, consultants, stakeholders and government staff. You can access the Aggregate Resources Policies and Procedures Manual here.

Provincial Policy Statement

Administered by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (MMAH), the Provincial Policy Statement (PPS) is the statement of the government’s policies on land use planning. It applies province-wide and provides clear policy direction on land use planning to promote strong communities, a strong economy, and a clean and healthy environment.” It includes policies on key issues that affect our communities, such as:

  • the efficient use and management of land and infrastructure
  • protection of the environment and resources
  • ensuring appropriate opportunities for employment and residential development, including support for a mix of uses

Municipalities use the PPS to develop their official plans and to guide and inform decisions on other planning matters.
The PPS is issued under section 3 of the Planning Act and all decisions affecting land use planning matters “shall be consistent with” the Provincial Policy Statement. You can access the 2014 PPS here.

Environmental Bill of Rights

The purposes of this Act are:

  • to protect, conserve and, where reasonable, restore the integrity of the environment by the means provided in the Act;
  • to provide sustainability of the environment by the means provided in the Act; and
  • to protect the right to a healthful environment by the means provided in the Act.
    You can access the bill of rights here.
Environmental Registry

The purpose of the registry is to provide a means of giving information about the environment to the public, including proposals, decisions and events that could affect the environment. You can access the registry here.

Municipal Official Plans

The Official Plans (OP’s) and Official Plan Amendments (OPA’s) of Ontario municipalities contain sections and references related to aggregate-related matters (zoning, designated areas, regulation, required reports, etc.). You can access these resources through the municipality’s website, by contacting the municipality’s planning department, or by doing a web search (i.e. Google) for the municipality and “official plan”. You might also want to refine your search by adding “aggregates” or “aggregate extraction”.

Conservation Authorities

Most conservation authorities have policies, best practices and reports / recommendations regarding aggregate extraction within their boundaries. You can access these resources through the authority’s website, or by doing a web search (i.e. Google) for the authority and “aggregates” or “aggregate extraction”.